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Hannah Arendt Bluecher was a German-American political thinker and philosopher. She wrote numerous books on the topic of totalitarianism and epistemology, many of which continue to impact modern-age political theory. Due to her immense contributions, Arendt is ranked as one of the most important political theorists of the 20th century. She is well-known for The Origins of Totalitarianism, published in 1951, which revolved around the Nazi and the Stalin regimes.
Personal life and education
Johanna “Hannah” Cohn Arendt was born on 14 October 1906 in Hanover, Germany to a German-Jewish family. Her parents were politically progressive and supporters of the Social Democrats. They also strictly observed the Jewish culture. Arendt grew under the guidance of her mother and grandmother after the dad died while she was 7 years old.
The political philosopher completed her secondary education in Germany before joining the University of Marburg. Martin Heidegger, a professor in political philosophy, took charge of most of her learning.
Arendt had a brief affair with Heidegger, who influenced most of her thinking and political life. She was married to Gunther Stern in 1929 and divorced in 1937. Arendt re-married to Heinrich Blucher in 1940 until her death in December 4, 1975 due to heart attack.
She involuntarily left Germany in 1933 for Paris where she worked with a number of Jewish refugee organizations. She then immigrated to the United States in 1941 when she became a part of the intellectual community.
Arendt wrote The Origins of Totalitarianism in 1951. In this book, Arendt argues that the refusal to take in refugees is a contributing factor to a state turning to totalitarianism. She also makes a couple of other arguments for this to happen. The author also wrote a couple of other books including The Human Condition in 1958, On Revolution in 1963, Men in Dark Times in 1968, and Crises of the Republic in 1972. Most of these works were a reflection of her political actions. For instance, Men in Dark Times presents intellectual biographies of moral figures of the 20th century, like Pope John XXIII and Karl Jaspers.
She became good friends with American author Mary McCarthy with whom they used to correspond. She became a neutralized citizen of the U.S. in 1950. She once again started seeing Heideggar. American writer Adam Kirsch described this relationship as quasi-romance.
The philosopher’s major work, The Life of the Mind, marked her re-entry into moral philosophy. She wrote the book from the perspective of the mind’s activities of thinking, willing, and judging.
Her success and model of thinking were captured in the documentary Vita Activa: The Spirit of Hannah Arendt released in 2015. Her works remain greatly admired and made her an icon. Arendt has been recognized for her contributions to civilization by numerous organizations including the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR).